Vedaaranya Heritage Arts and Healing Festival 2016

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Gustav E. Karlsen

South Trondelag University College, Faculty of Teacher Education,
Rotvoll, 7004 Trondheim, Norway

The Bologna Process in Europe - an implementation and governance strategy?

The Bologna process in Europe- an implementation and governance strategy?

The Bologna Process started in 1999 when Ministers of Education of 29 European states signed the Bologna declaration with the vision to develop a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) within the year of 2010. This started a process of standardization towards adoption of comparable degrees, a joint system of credits, promotion of mobility for students, academic and administrative staff and European cooperation in quality assurance.

The number of priority areas has increased since the Bologna meeting in 1999. Important actions are the establishment of a “Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area”, decided in Bergen (2005) and the decision to extend the process to other parts of the world – “an external dimension” – made in the Leuven-meeting (2009) .

There have been held ministerial meetings every second year, and a system of stock-taking has been established to make sure that the implementation at national level took place. The number of states has increased since 1999 to 46 states in 2010. The last ministerial meeting was in Leuven, Belgium, April 28 – 29 2009, and the ministers have decided to extend the Bologna process up to 2020.

The paper will examine the Bologna-process as a governance and implementation strategy. What is the background for the Bologna-process? Who are the main actors involved? What kind of evidence is considered as important in evaluation and accreditation?

In particular the paper intends to analyse the relations between the Bologna-process and the Lisbon-strategy from 2000 within the European Union (EU). The Lisbon-strategy is a 10- year mission “to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge economy in the world”, and the study will focus on the connection between higher education and global economic policy.


Teaching Certificate from Tromsø Teacher's College 1964
BA (History & Sociology) at University of Trondheim 1967 and 1972
Master (Education) at University of Trondheim 1974 ¬
PhD (Education) University of Trondheim1992.

Experience: (Instructional)
Teacher in elementary school 1964-66.
Teacher at Norwegian Folk High School, 1966-1972.
Principal at Folk High School 1981-82.
Lecturer in Education and Sociology at Trondheim Teacher's College from 1974 - 1985.
Associate Professor at Trondheim teacher's College from 1985-1993.
Associate Professor at University of Tromsø, ¬Institute of Social Sciences from 1994-1997.
Professor II,  at Tromsø University College from 2002 -2004.
Professor of Education at Sør-Trøndelag University College from October 1997-
Visiting Professor at University of British Columbia, Vancouver, University of 
Washington, Seattle, University of Hawaii, Honolulu 1996-97.

Experience: (Research, some projects)
Scientific Assistant at the University of Oslo, In¬stitute of Social Science 1962-67 .
project about geographical mobility.
Scientific Assistant at the University of Trondheim1972-1974,  project about open schools.

Researcher at University of Trondheim, Institute of Education 1980-81 -project ABOUT curriculum development.
Researcher from 1989 - 1993 under the Norwegian     Council for Social Research
(Program for educational research), project about decentralization as a
governance strategy in education.
Researcher from 1993-94 under the Norwegian Council for Social Research, project
about education within the European Union.

Project leader, researcher from 2001-2004 under the Norwegian Council for
Social Research (KUPP-program) – project about governance of teacher education in Norway

Project leader, researcher on Governance and leadership in education in an
 international perspective,  from 2005 – 2009.

Research coordinator at Sør-Trøndelag University College, Faculty of Teacher Education  1997 - 2001.