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Alina Machado

 

Instituto de Economía
Universidad de la República Oriental del Uruguay
Joaquín Requena 1375
CP_11200
Montevideo - URUGUAY

Impact Assessment of the First OLPC National Model: The Uruguayan Plan Ceibal

This research estimates the impact of Plan Ceibal in student achievement at primary school. We also evaluate effects on other important outcomes such as child motivation, parent perceptions and teacher commitment.

The impact of Plan Ceibal is analysed considering test scores of a panel of children on two learning assessments carried out in 2006 and 2009. The availability of this information for two different moments allows applying a double difference strategy in order to evaluate this intervention and its outcomes.

The first round of the panel corresponds to data collected by SERCE evaluation, a Latin American primary school student assessment. In 2009, with the support of the National Administration of Public Education we carried out a national assessment for children who had participated in SERCE survey. We considered two groups of children: one that were participating in Plan Ceibal (our treatment group) and the other having not received the computer yet (our control group).

The research contributes to analyze the achievement of two of the main objectives of Plan Ceibal. The first one is the improvement of education quality through the integration of technology in classroom, school and family and the second one is the development of better integration between children and their family and teachers.

The impact evaluation of a public educational policy on children performance at primary school is extremely relevant considering that many studies reveal a regressive distribution of learning for Uruguayan children. Moreover, differentials in school achievement are a central aspect of social exclusion of children in Uruguay. For these reasons, the improvement of Uruguayan school learning is a priority for government authorities, especially because of high repetition rates in primary school, large drop-out rates and dispersion in student performance at secondary school.

Bio:-

Researcher at Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administración, Universidad de la República Oriental del Uruguay (grade 3), since April 2007. Main research field: labor market, education economics and income distribution. 

Books

•    “El Programa Infacalle. Una mirada al origen, proceso y resultados” (co-author), Programa Infamilia (2009).
•     “Uruguay en PISA 2006” (research asistant). ANEP (2007).
•    “Primer Informe Nacional de la Evaluación PISA” (co-author). ANEP (2004).
•    “Cambio en las relaciones laborales en Uruguay. Un estudio de nueve casos” (co-author). Universidad Católica – UCUDAL (1997)
Book section
•    Box in the 2007 Human Development Report of the Uruguayan students achievement in PISA.

Academic papers
•    “The increasing labor supply of married women in Uruguay” (co-author). Forthcoming in Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes (Colombia, 2010)
•    “Discriminación por rendimiento curricular: Aplicación al Plan 90 de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración” (co-author). Revista Quantum, vol. 5, nro. 12, Montevideo, 2001.
Working papers and other documents
   
•    “Oferta laboral femenina en Uruguay: evolución e implicancias. 1981 - 2006” (co-author). Working Paper 03/09. Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración
•    “Dimensiones e incidencia de la exclusión social en la infancia”. Working Paper 2/07. Instituto de Estadística, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración
•    “Rendimiento escolar en la Universidad de la República: Una propuesta de indicadores de desempeño de los estudiantes.” (co-author). Working Paper 1/05. Instituto de Estadística, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración
•     “Trayectoria y desempeño escolar de los estudiantes de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administración” (co-author). Working Paper 1/04. Instituto de Estadística, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración
•     “Discriminación por rendimiento curricular: Aplicación al plan 90 de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración” (co-author). Working Paper 1/03. Instituto de Estadística, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración
•    “Costos laborales y competitividad. Panorama general de la industria manufacturera uruguaya, 1980 – 1997” (co-author). Working Paper. Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración.