Vedaaranya Heritage Arts and Healing Festival 2016

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Dr. Tahereh Mirsardoo

Islamic Azad University Garmsar Branch
IRAN

Analysis of the position of women's education in Iran during the past one hundred years
"An Interdisciplinary Approach"

Gender differences are constructed and may be reinforced by several factors. The gender gap in education in the developing countries is wider in comparison with advanced countries. Iran is a developing country in which the women despite the growth of rate of education in two recent decades have suffered a vast gender gap in education, during the past one hundred years. The main questions in this paper are: has there been any different between women and men in education in Iran, during the past one hundred years? If yes, how much vast is the gap? What are the effective factors in this process? For to answer these questions, I will study the educational position of women as a position relative to men' education is disadvantaged socially, culturally, politically, and e! conomically. I will apply the sociological, economical, political approaches together with a comprehensive historical approach. I will investigate the obstacles of gender-equitable education such as the lack of knowledge and awareness, societal, cultural, political and economic climate. In social and cultural dimensions, I will specially emphasis on traditions; religious norms; class status, family values and gender socialization. Moreover, I will focus on the social-cultural structure of governments and governors attitude about women, women's abilities and their capacities. Finally; I will analyze the policies and strategies that the governments have applied for to decrease the gender gap in education. The study will be historical-documentary and will be based on analyses of documents and information. The most important of resources will be statistical information which is gathered every year by statistical centre of Iran. The main reference of this information is statisti! cal publications of statistical centre of Iran and especially ! statisti cal year book of the country. Other resource is socio-historical, cultural and political publications.

BIO

Dr. Tahereh Mirsardoo received her Bachelor's degree in Social Sciences from the University of Tehran (1986) and Master's and PhD degrees both in Sociology from the Islamic Azad University (1995, 2003). She has started her teaching at the Islamic Azad University since 1999. She has published articles on social issues as well as two books. She has presented too many papers in national and international conferences. She also conducted 14 research projects and serves as the Chief Editor of Journal of Social Sciences.